The Funnel-Web Spider also known as the atracinae or grass spiders are a medium to large spider and are often a brown or black colour with a carapace which is glossy covering the front part of their body. The Funnel-Web Spider can grow up to 5cm in size. The Female Funnel-Web Spider is much larger than the male Funnel-Web Spider and often lives longer. A female Funnel-Web Spider will lay over a 100 eggs which will turn into spiderlings. Funnel-Web Spiders have spinnerets which are located at the bottom of their body and often visible. The Male Funnel-Web Spider has a larger mating spur which is projected from their second pair of legs. There is roughly 40 species of the Funnel-Web Spider in Australia.
The Funnel-Web Spider will make their burrows in cool and sheltered habitats which will often have a silk trip line like a funnel to keep predators out. They also like rotting logs, under rocks, shrubberies and open terrain.
How to identify a Funnel-Web Spider
• Eyes are very close together
• Shiny carapace
• Big black hairy body with no obvious patterns
• Lower lip with short spines
• Ground dwelling spiders with silk funnel trip lines over their burrow
Where is Funnel-Web spiders found?
• New South Wales
• the Australian Capital Territory
• South Australia
Mating & wandering Funnel-Web Spiders
Once the male Funnel-Web spider matures which is around 2 to 3 years it will leave its burrow in search of a female Funnel-Web spider to mate with, this usually occurs around the summer time. The female Funnel-Web spider will have pheromones in her trip line which helps the male Funnel-Web spider locate her burrow. The male Funnel-Web spider will spin a very small sperm web to which the sperm will then be stored in the male Funnel-Web spider mating organs which is located at the end of the male Funnel-Web spider palp. Male Funnel-Web spider will hold the female Funnel-Web spider with their second legs while mating. The female Funnel-Web spider will accept the male after they have a sparring session and the male will inseminate his sperm into the female Funnel-Web spider.
1) Do not panic. Reassure the bit victim whilst keeping them calm and rested.
2) If not in danger take a photo of the spider to show medical assistants.
3) Apply a bandage and a splint to avoid moving the limb which has been bitten
4) Seek medical assitance ASAP.
If you have an infestation of Funnel-Web spiders call Redline Pest Control on 02 9920 0790 or 0426 002 007 to organise for a highly qualified technician to come out and eradicate the infestation you have.