Mouse Spiders are from the Mygalomorph family and there are 12 known species in Australia and one species in Chile.
While the name Mouse Spider?
Well the name Mouse Spider comes from the Mouse Spider making burrows similar to that a mouse would make in the wild.
Description of the Mouse Spider.
Mouse Spiders are a large spider and will range from 2cm to 3cm long. Male Mouse Spiders are smaller than the female Mouse Spider. The male Mouse Spider will grow to approximately 2 cm long with long legs and longer palps. The male Mouse Spider can either have a bright orangish to Reddish head with a silverish to blueish abdomen or they can have a white patch on their abdomen. Female Mouse Spiders can grow approximately 3 cm long and have a stockier body with shorter legs. The Female Mouse Spider will be a dark brown to black colour. Their bulb like head have eyes spread across the front of their shiny carapace. The Mouse Spider has short spinnerets which are located at the rear of their abdomen. Unlike other spiders the Mouse Spider moves their fangs in, out and sideways rather than up and down like other spiders.
Reproduction of Mouse Spiders.
The Male Mouse Spider will mature sexually at around 4 years of age, they will leave their burrows in search of a female Mouse Spider and will usually mate in the female Mouse Spiders burrow. After mating the female Mouse Spider will lay roughly 50 to 60 eggs in their egg sack which will be in the chamber of the Female Mouse Spiders burrow. The spiderlings will hatch in the warmer months usually summer and will leave the burrow when it cools down usually in the autumn or winter.
Habitat of the Mouse Spider.
The Mouse Spider will build their burrows deep into the earth and will have a trap door entrance. The female will usually stay in their burrows mean while the male likes to wander around. Mouse Spiders like to feed on insects and small mammals.
Mouse Spider Bites.
If bitten by a Mouse Spider you need to seek medical advice as their bite has symptoms similar to that of a Funnel Web Spider.
Fortunately the Mouse Spiders is less aggressive than the Funnel Web Spider and will often give dry bites without piercing the skin and injecting their venom.