Subterranean Termites will be found underground, at base of trees and tree stumps, poles, under patios and in your sub-floor cavities, beneath bathrooms, roof voids and timber between your wall cavities. Arboreal nest are found high up in trees with the queen usually at the top of the nest. Subterranean Termites will build underground tunnels and will also build mud tubes to gain access to their food source. Mud tubes are made up of digested timber excrete. Subterranean Termites will keep their nest in darkness and will have high humidity and moisture to allow them to stay hydrated. If Subterranean Termites are exposed to open air and light it will cause them to dehydrate and cause them to die. The only time Subterranean Termites will be able to see light and be in open air is when it is swarming season usually around late spring to summer. It has been known given that the moisture level is high Subterranean Termites can build nest above ground by using their excrete to build their mud shelter. If you have any leaky pipes and bad plumbing it is recommended to get this fixed ASAP as this provided Subterranean Termites the perfect moisture level to survive and continue eating your home. A Subterranean Termite nest can consist of around one thousand termites if not more and will always have a queen termite, king termite, nymph’s termites, worker termites, soldier termites and alates which are reproductive termites with wings.
You will find Coptotermes Acinaciformis Termites across Australia and will find that this species is the most destructive termite in NSW and will eat through timber both hard wood and soft wood. Coptotermes Acinaciformis will build their nest underground, at base of trees and tree stumps, poles, under patios and in your sub-floor cavities, beneath bathrooms, roof voids and timber between your wall cavities.
Coptotermes Frenchi is found from Adelaide to Cooktown and roughly 150kms inland and is destructive termites to forests and homes in urban areas. Coptotermes Frenchi will build nest predominantly in trees but will also build mounds if they need to. Coptotermes Frenchi cause a lot of damage especially to homes built with soft wood such as Oregon timber.
Coptotermes Lacteus will be found from Victoria to Bundaberg and roughly 150kms inland. Coptotermes Lacteus will attack dead trees, stumps and other timber structures which have died. Coptotermes Lacteus is not really considered a pest unless the timber that they attack is in direct contact with the ground. Coptotermes Lacteus will build above mounds which are consistently hard and can reach up to 2 meters high.
Nasutitermes Exitiosus will be found on the lower half of Australia from Carnarvon Western Australia across to Bundaberg Queensland. Nasutitermes Exitiosus can be very difficult to find, often their nest will give their presence away. Nasutitermes Exitiosus will build its domed nest and will usually be broader in diameter than in height. These domed nests will be built from underground and will be built just over half a meter above ground. Nasutitermes Exitiosus are hard to find and usually the top of their mounds will give them away. Nasutitermes Exitiosus are quite destructive and will attack wood debris, power poles and structural wood found in buildings.
Nasutitermes Walkeri is found from Wollongong to Cairns and roughly 150kms inland they build their arboreal nest on the main trunk of a tree or in the fork of the tree. Nasutitermes Walkeri builds a hidden nest usually inside the tree trunk which is connected to the visible nest that you would see outside on the trunk or fork of the branches. Nasutitermes Walkeri will attack fallen or decaying timbers. Nasutitermes Walkeri can pose a serious threat to your subfloor as with poor ventilation it can result in fungal growth or wood rot.
Now there are few species of the Schedorhinotermes which are:
- Schedorhinotermes SPP – all over mainland of Australia
- Schedorhinotermes Intermedius – Nowra to Bundaberg
- Schedorhinotermes Actuosus – Tropic of Capricorn
- Schedorhinotermes Breinli – Gladstone QLD to NT-WA boarder
- Schedorhinotermes Derosus – North western WA to western QLD
- Schedorhinotermes Seclusus – Coastal Cairns QLD to Taree NSW
Schedorhinotermes SPP and Schedorhinotermes Intermedius is the one to look out for in NSW and will build their nest in tree stumps and other timbers which have direct contact with the ground such as dead and living trees and timbers, fence lines, patio posts and wooden piers. Schedorhinotermes will attack structural timbers and considered a very destructive termite when it comes to termites. Schedorhinotermes have two soldiers in their colony a major soldier and a minor soldier. The minor soldier will appear first and once the colony is well under way then the major soldier will come in to the nest. If the major soldier is sighted than that is a very clear indication that you will have a large infestation of these Schedorhinotermes which could results in severe damages to structural timbers, timber post, fence lines and patios.
Like the Schedorhinotermes there is a few species of the Microcerotermes which are:
- Microcerotermes SPP – Townsville to Port Stephens and roughly 100km inland
- Microcerotermes Serratus – Northern SA, WA,NT,QLD and western NSW
- Distinctus – WA,SA, inland VIC and NSW
- Microcerotermes Implacidus Inland VIC and NSW
Microcerotermes Distinctus and Implacidus are the ones that affect NSW and will usually be found to build their arboreal nest high up on timber post, poles, and trees, Microcerotermes will also build small mounds. Microcerotermes will attack structural timbers if they are old or weathered. Look for damage on fence lines, post, wooden piers and wooden poles.
There are two species of the Heterotermes which are:
- Heterotermes SPP – found in NT and QLD
- Heterotermes Ferox – found in most parts of Australia
Heterotermes Ferox builds their small nest around decaying wood sources, logs and other decaying timbers with direct contact to the ground. Heterotermes Ferox in found in throughout forest and urban Australia and will attack decaying and damp timber debris, structures, fence lines, decking, patios, post and poles.